– According to WIKI
– First created by King Sejong in Jeoson Dynasty (1931-19910) in 1446, 훈민정음 carried meaning of ‘the correct sounds for the instruction of the people or The Correct/Proper Sounds for the rule of the People’. It was made in consideration of the commoners who troubled with the complicated chinese characters used by the scholars.
Translation as followed:
Because the speech of the country is different from that of China, it [the spoken language] doesn’t match the [Chinese] letters. Therefore, even if the ignorant want to communicate, many of them cannot achieve their intent. Because I am saddened by this, I have newly made 28 letters. It is my intention that everybody learn the letters easily so that they can conveniently use them everyday.
– The intention of King Sejong in creating Hangul, which later on the process received many objections from all over, was to allow ordinary people to be literate, which priviledge was owned only by the 양반. He also thought that Chinese language can not be 100% in reflecting the thoughts, ideas and emotions of Korean people whose language had been different from them.
– Thanks to King Sejong great thinking and invention, Illiteracy is now slmost virtually nonexistent in Korea. Although from 28 characters he originally made, only 24 is used today, he has created a great system that is easy for children and foreigners to learn.
– Throughout history, Hangul has been at the root of the Korean culture, helping to preserve its national identity and independence